Perceptions of fitness are different from one person to the other. To most people, being fit is having a slim, toned body for women, and a Vin Diesel type body for men. The Oxford dictionary defines biological fitness as ‘…the ability to survive…in a particular environment…’, and we’ve probably all heard the saying ‘survival of the fittest’. In the animal kingdom, the animals best adapted to their environment, survive. They must have speed and agility to find food, or be eaten. They must be strong enough to fight other animals or be beaten. Although we aren’t animals living in the wild, we need to be physically fit to be able to do everyday things and have good quality of life.
Physical fitness is made of 5 different parts;
When you pop into the local supermarket to get just one thing but you end up with 4 bags full and somehow need to carry them home, your muscle strength comes into play. It dictates how much weight you can carry.
How far you can walk with these 4 full bags before having to stop to give your muscles a break and spit out a few profanities, is muscular endurance.
To move, your muscles use oxygen to produce energy. The heart, blood cells and lungs supply oxygen-rich blood to the working muscle tissues.
No need to do backflips all the way home. Flexibility is, being able to move your muscles and joints through their full range of movement – walking home taking proper steps rather than shuffling like your pelvic floor is about to collapse.
Being able to balance these bags, coordinate your steps and walk as quickly as you can, all involves motor skills.
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